forms of accountability



  1. Are the forms of accountability in democratic political systems fundamentally determined by their electoral systems? Compare at least two countries.

Recommended reading:

Representation and Accountability. An examination of the traditional ‘vertical’ model of political accountability that operates through elections and representation.

I.Budge, ‘Direct and Representative Democracy: Are They Necessarily Opposed?’,

Representation, 42 (1).

Mansbridge, J, ‘Rethinking Representation’, American Political Science Review, 97 (4), 515-

28, 2003.

Supplementary readings:

  1. Achen and L.Bartels, Democracy for Realists: Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive

Government, Princeton, 2016.

  1. Wright, ‘Recalling MPs: Accountable to Whom?’, Political Quarterly, 86, 2, 2015.
  2. Beetham et al, Democracy under Blair: A Democratic Audit of the United Kingdom,

Politico’s, 2002

Marsh, M and Tilley, J, ‘The attribution of credit and blame to governments and its

impact on vote choice’, British Journal of Political Science, 40, 1, 2010

Vivyan, N, Wagner, M and Tarlov, J, ‘Where Did Electoral Accountability Fail? MP

Misconduct, Constituent Perceptions and Vote Choice’, in J. Hudson ed. The Political Costs

of the 2009 British MPs’ Expenses Scandal, Palgrave, 2014.

Norris, P, Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behaviour, CUP, 2004

Ashworth, S, ‘Electoral Accountability: Recent Theoretical and Empirical Work’, American

Review of Political Science, 2012, 15, 183-201.

Renwick, A, The Politics of Electoral Reform, CUP, 2010

Lijphart, A, Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six

Countries, Yale, 1999.

Przeworski, A, Stokes, S and Manin, B (eds), Democracy, Accountability and

Representation, CUP, 1999

Judge, D, ‘Recall of MPs in the UK’, Parliamentary Affairs, 2012, 1-20.

Judge, D, Representation: Theory and Practice in Britain, Routledge, 1999

Alonso, S, J, Keane and W. Merkel, The Future of Representative Democracy, Cambridge,

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