socio-economic status (SES)


Look at the different ways “intelligence” can be described:
different than emotional intelligence;
culturally specific;
With all of these different notions of intelligence, how can one test fit all, so to speak? Why attempt to quantify something so variable?
Some research has shown that socio-economic status (SES) can affect how genes develop in utero. For example, in the United Kingdom, research shows that the environment can moderate the effect of genes – a phenomenon called gene-environment (GxE) interaction. Several studies have found that socioeconomic status (SES) modifies the heritability of children’s intelligence. Among low-SES families, genetic factors have been reported to explain less of the variance in intelligence; the reverse is found for high-SES families. (Hanscombe, K.B., et. al., 2012) Is the same true in the United States? Why or why not?

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