All students, regardless of project type, should submit an annotated bibliography, in either APA or CSE (Name-Date) citation style, that reflects their individual research efforts into the topic of choice for their project.
Collaborators should submit their own reference lists that are different from each other. The minimum number of references is 5. (Not all the references investigated for the topic and listed in the annotated bibliographies will be used in constructing posters. They usually have 6-10 references maximum.)
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph.
What you should have in your annotated bibliography:
A. The citations in alphabetical order by first author’s last name, in correct full APA or CSE style. It is different for each different type of source. Be sure to list all authors unless more then 7, then follow rules for style.
B. Identify what type of source it is: primary research article in scientific journal, review article, news article, book, web source (.org, .edu, .gov).
Must have a minimum of 5 sources, at least 3 of which must be published peer-reviewed primary author scientific papers (not review articles; No blogs or wikis!)
C. Briefly describe (75-100 words) what the article is about, summarizing, in your own words, the information that is relevant to your topic. Do NOT simply copy from the abstract or introduction.
Upload your typed (12 font minimum) annotated bibliography as a word doc here.
Info on CSE Style: M15_csecitationstyle.pdf
Examples of how to cite in APA style:
1A. Cooper, K.L., Tabin, C.J. (2008) Understanding of bat wing evolution takes flight. Genes & Dev. 22:121-124. doi:10.1101/gad.1639108.
B. News article in scientific journal.
C. The authors summarize and discuss a primary research paper by Cretekos et al. (2008). The paper provides evidence linking a specific gene Prx1 (paired-box homeodomain transcription factor) to the development of longer finger bones in mouse-like bat ancestors. When they inserted the Prx1 gene into modern mice, they found a significant increase in the length of limb bones. They suggest that this gene may regulate the expression of another gene Bmp (bone morphogenic protein), which is known to be important in stimulating bone growth.
2A. Evans, P.D., Mekel-Bobrov, N., Vallender, E.J., Hudson, R.R., Lahn, B.T. (2006) Evidence that the adaptive allele of the brain size gene microcephalin introgressed into Homo sapiens from an archaic Homo lineage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 103(48):18178-18183. doi:10.1073/pnas.0606966103
B. Primary research article in scientific journal.
C. In this paper, the authors sought to establish evidence of crossbreeding (admixture) between ancient human species. They used a mathematical model, called an “interhaplogroup divergence test”, to analyze variants of the microcephalin gene (MCPH1) in modern humans. [A haplogroup is a genetically related population that share a common maternal or paternal ancestor.] The microcephalin gene is important for determining brain size during development. The variant microcephalin haplogroup D appeared in Homo sapiens only about 37,000 years ago (whereas other haplogroups of this gene are about 1 million years old), but is now present in 70% of modern humans. Their analysis showed that (1) this was most likely due to crossbreeding with another Homo species, most likely Neanderthals, and (2) the mutation conferred a selective advantage over other haplogroups, which led to its rapid spread through the population.
3A. Understanding Evolution: The evolution of whales. (n.d.) University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved on 02/11/2016 from: http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_03
B. Article from Website
C. This article gives an overview of whale evolution with specific examples of physical features in related species that demonstrate intermediate phenotypes between ancestral and modern whales. There are also very good diagrams that illustrate the examples. This website is a great resource for information on evolution in general and many different species.
4A. van’t Hof, A.E., Edmonds, N., Dalíková, M., Marec, F., Saccheri, I.J. (2011) Industrial melanism in British peppered moths has a singular and recent mutational origin. Science. 332(6032):958-960. doi:10.1126/science.1203043
B. Primary research article in scientific journal.
C. This study investigated the underlying genetic basis for the black-colored (carbonaria) form of the wild-type light-colored peppered moth. The authors mapped a 200 kilobase (=200,000 base pairs) region of the moth genome that has been shown to be associated with wing color patterns in other moth species. They found only one major variation in the DNA sequence which suggests that this mutation has occurred very recently.
Thank you so much!Life saver!
Awesome paper! Very reliable and prompt
This was great!
Thank you. I will get back to you next week. There are more classes that I need help.
Thanks a lot. All good
I loved the service it was really fast & efficient. I ended up with an A in my class!
It was a pleasure working with you. You are really responsible and always do you’re best and of course, we will keep working together.
The essay and the Excel file looks good. Thank you for working with me throughout the project.
Thank you for the quick help. I was stuck.
You are a lifesaver. Thank you. I will be needing your help for the midterm exam.
I am very grateful for your help. Without you, I would have quit a long time ago. Appreciate your help 100%.
I know it is APA 7 and it should not have the running headers, but my professor insists on them. Please include them in the upcoming orders. Overall, I liked it and I will be submitting it tonight. Thank you.
Thank you for the help. All good.
You do an exceptional job, have gotten good grades n positive feedback/ comments from my professors since you started helping me.
Thanks. I will handle the replies.
Simple Order Process
Fill in the Order Form
Share all the assignment information. Including the instructions, provided reading materials, grading rubric, number of pages, the required formatting, deadline, and your academic level. Provide any information and announcements shared by the professor. Choose your preferred writer if you have one.
Get Your Order Assigned
Once we receive your order form, we will select the best writer from our pool of experts to fit your assignment.
Share More Data if Needed
You will receive a confirmation email when a writer has been assigned your task. The writer may contact you if they need any additional information or clarifications regarding your task
Let Our Essay Writer Do Their Job
Once you entrust us with your academic task, our skilled writers embark on creating your paper entirely from the ground up. Through rigorous research and unwavering commitment to your guidelines, our experts meticulously craft every aspect of your paper. Our process ensures that your essay is not only original but also aligned with your specific requirements, making certain that the final piece surpasses your expectations.
Quality Checks and Proofreading
Upon the completion of your paper, it undergoes a meticulous review by our dedicated Quality and Proofreading department. This crucial step ensures not only the originality of the content but also its alignment with the highest academic standards. Our seasoned experts conduct thorough checks, meticulously examining every facet of your paper, including grammar, structure, coherence, and proper citation. This comprehensive review process guarantees that the final product you receive not only meets our stringent quality benchmarks but also reflects your dedication to academic excellence.
Review and Download the Final Draft
If you find that any part of the paper does not meet the initial instructions, send it back to us with your feedback, and we will make the necessary adjustments.