PSY331- Comprehensive Final Exam

Question 1

Self-regulated learning includes all of the following except?
behavior compliance

Question 2

_________ is suggested to be the key to _________.
Accepting ownership; effectively forming accurate memories
Acknowledging self-perceptions; performing at high levels
Acknowledging self-bias; performing at high levels
Accepting feedback; effectively forming accurate memories
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Question 3
According to metacognition, using one’s ______________ suggests that self-reflection has occurred and a plan of improvement has developed.
executive control
emotional aptitude
ability to self-assess
sensory control
Question 4
When Jeanene aces the exam, she rewards herself with a day at the spa. This would be an example of ______ in the ____________ of self-regulation.
self-control; performance phase
self-reaction; self-reflection phase
self-judgement; self-reflection phase
self-motivation; forethought phase
Question 5
Creating _____ is essential when creating a metacognitive learning environment.
authentic tasks
emotional stability 
specific goals
Question 6
Gardner’s model of multiple intelligences (MI) suggests that ____________ should be considered when assessing how a person learns most effectively.
financial status, health, and motivation to perform 
social class, inherited genes, temperament, and personality 
attitude, past experiences, and personality
stress level, inherited genes, birth trauma, and health
Question 7
As Toni improves her learning performance, self-regulation research suggests that her ___________ will also increase.
level of self-justification
positive efficacy and satisfaction
societal compliance
intelligence quotient (IQ)
Question 8
The Binet-Simon intelligence scale was originally designed to identify
instructional strategies.
gifted learners.
learning disabilities. 
high performers.
Question 9
The two key criteria for applying metacognition are
self-reflection and self-regulation. 
tenacity and control of emotions.
self-awareness and other-awareness.
dedication and empathy.

Question 10

Self-regulation involves appropriate applications of ___________ by the learner.
the knowledge learned
the emotions felt
feedback strategies
behavior compliance
Question 11
Jack pays little attention to what he did well and what he did not do well during the game. To have increased success, metacognition would suggest that Jack
self-reflect on the emotional attributes he felt during the game.
talk to the competing team members about his performance.
talk to other players about his performance.
watch videos of his performance and take note of his performance.
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Question 12

Metacognitive regulation suggests the ability to manage one’s own.
skill development.
identity development.
Question 13
It is suggested that the average IQ has risen over the years. This phenomenon is known as the
Flynn Effect.
Binet-Simon indicator.
Learning Potential Assessment
general factor of intelligence (g).

Question 14

The instructor asks the students to self-reflect on the strategies they used in the past week that supported their ability to effectively form accurate knowledge memories. They are prompted to discuss the results with the class. This would be an example of a
transformational-centered classroom.
instructor-centered classroom.
learner-centered classroom.
knowledge-centered classroom

Question 15

/ 1 pts
___________ learners are suggested to be emotionally aware, tenacious, and self-directed.
Emotionally astute
Sensory controlled

Question 16

__________ is less dependent on previous knowledge than it is on ______________.
Fluid intelligence, g(F); crystallized intelligence, g(C)
Creativity quotient (CQ); crystallized intelligence, g(C)
Intelligence quotient (IQ); fluid intelligence, g(F)
Crystallized intelligence, g(C); fluid intelligence, g(F)
Question 17
The intelligence quotient (IQ) is a mathematical formula indicating a person’s
cultural biases.
awareness of abilities.
learning disability potential.  
learning performance ability.
Question 18
Emotional intelligence has been applied most notably to
animal research.
relationship and leadership development.
societal norm research.
prisoner identity development.
Question 19
According to the text, _____ mediates learning, not ______.
thinking; teachers.
tenacity; learners.
motivation; strategy utilization. 
the self; the society.
Question 20
Based on intelligence assessments, __________________ can be damaging to a person’s information processing capabilities.
birth weight
high levels of estrogen  
stress hormones
Question 21
Some suggest that the culturally biased aspects of IQ tests are not adequate in supporting _____________.
gifted learner needs.
performance indicators.  
learning disability potential.  
pedagogical frameworks.

Question 22

The process of self-regulation should be applied
Question 23
Which of the following is not a strategy for developing a child’s metacognitive abilities?
encourage problem solving and self-reflection 
make use of planning tools that support success strategies
provide feedback
compartmentalize learning events
Question 24
If Christopher notices what he is thinking about, Flavell would suggest this to be associated with metacognitive
Question 25
Humanism might be an area of concentration for someone who is interested in developing knowledge about
situated learning.
information processing.
person-centered psychology.
constructing knowledge.
Question 26
The human resources manager, Mr. Gonzales, believes that his goal as a trainer is to get his new hires to think out of the box and problem solve. Mr. Gonzales could be considered a
social constructivist. 
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Question 27

Jacob works hard to meet his company’s sales goals to maintain his employment. According to self-determination theory, this is an example of _______________.
introjected regulation
intrinsic regulation
external regulation 
integrated regulation
Question 28
The development of one’s self-identity is regulated by
sensory memories
autobiographical memories.  
novel schemas.

Question 29

The stage of development that is suggested to occur during adolescence and adulthood, is called the
preoperational stage.  
formal operational stage.
sensorimotor stage.
concrete operational stage.
Question 30
Transformational learning differs from many other models because it is
dependent on team work, cultural exclusions, and empathy.
focused on adolescents.
discretionary, self-directed, and experience-based.
Question 31
Sensorimotor stage is suggested by the theory of cognitive development to occur in
preschool years.

Question 32

Utilizing _________ for learning is most associated with ______________.
social cues; situated cognition
authentic situations; social constructivism
authentic situations; situated cognition
learning tools; situated cognition
Question 33
An example of dialectical constructivism would be
Lori’s misconceptions about the world based on her internal cognitive conflict that began when she was a young child.
Lori’s perceptions and bias about the world based on her own reality. 
Lori’s understanding of the proper attire for the workplace based on her professionally associated colleagues.
Lori’s ability to accommodate personal learning experiences when taking psychology courses.
Question 34
Humanism is valuable in developing an understanding about learning based on our knowledge about
individuals’ inherent needs.
social culturalism.
society and bias.
one’s memory development.
Question 35
____________, according to Piaget, is the ability to understand reversibility of events.

Question 36

One’s _________, according to social cognition, affect(s) knowledge acquisition.
sensory memory
Question 37
Transformational learning suggests that several stages are _____ to establish personal reconstruction.

Question 38

___________, in general, suggests that we learn through a physiological response to __________.
Behaviorism; motivators
Behaviorism; stimuli 
A behavior; motivators
A behavior; stimuli

Question 39

Transformative learning suggests that human learning should be focused on
the accommodation of self-beliefs.
the renovation of one’s self to a higher plane.
developing language efficiently. 
the acceptance of societal values.

Question 40

_________ and ________ are associated with classical conditioning.
Thorndike; Pavlov
Skinner; Maslow
Skinner; Bernstein 
Watrin; Darwich
Question 41
Waldorf educators believe that learning, in the educational context, should be focused on developing the ____ rather than simply the ________.
physiological well-being; mind
mind; physiological well-being
content; whole person
whole person; content

Question 42

The absorption of information is called
quality dissention
information processing
one-factor rationalization.
Question 43
_____________ argue that the number of events occurring within a specific time frame is the most important aspect to behavior conditioning.
Molar behaviorists
Classical conditioning behaviorists
Radical behaviorists

Question 44

___________ supports the brain in deciding which information is important and which is unimportant.
long-term memory  
autobiographical memory
sensory memory
working memory

Question 45

According to problem-based learning, the human resources manager should include the use of __________ during training.
group work
independent study 
cognitive maps

Question 46

Memories are __________ during the consolidation process.
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Question 47

Stage theory suggests that information processing occurs in _______________.
distinguishable patterns
distinct phases
serial waves
parallel mile-marking

Question 48

Lauren is motivated to learn about psychology to improve her ability to perform effectively in her career as a case worker. According to self-determination theory, this is an example of _________ motivation.

Question 49

According to self-determination theory, _________________ are needs that all individuals must satisfy.
external regulation and autonomy 
competency, intrapersonal skills, and feedback
external and internal regulation
competency, autonomy, and relatedness
Question 50
A set of principles used to explain, predict, and understand how a phenomenon occurs is called a
conceptual framework

Question 51

During the _________________ a person learns to speculate and understands less concrete concepts.
preoperational stage
formal operational stage
sensorimotor stage
controlled operational stage

Question 52

/ 1 pts
Although often disregarded, behaviorism and cognitivism reflects ___________ ideologies.

Question 53

The stimulus-organism-response (SOR) model represents
cognitive mapping
Question 54
According to situated cognition, learning is
based on social cues.
interpretive and concrete.
fixed and culturally assessed.
negotiated and malleable.

Question 55

As a self-proclaimed life-long learner, Chloe is focused on self-reflection and self-ownership of her learning. This is best associated with
self-determination theory.
transformative learning.
experiential learning.
Steiner pedagogy.
Question 56
According to social constructivism, the way that Joshua treats his girlfriend has much to do with
what he learned about gender in textbooks. 
how his father treated his mother.
his low self-esteem.
his misguided understanding of self.
Question 57
William studies hard to get good grades to make his parents proud of him, especially since they are paying for his schooling. According to self-determination theory, this is an example of _______________.
introjected regulation
intrinsic regulation
integrated regulation
amotivation regulation

Question 58

Cognition encouraged learning psychologists to consider a
cognitive revolution.
mentalistic approach.
operant conditioning approach.
physiological approach.

Question 59

According to situated cognition, it is important to not only rely on the _______ meanings of words.
Question 60
Sarah’s understanding of the word cultivate differs from Javier’s understanding. This difference in meaning is most associated with what theory?
social learning (SLT) – Not answer
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